Bilirubin, Total, Serum/Plasma


During the process of haem degradation, biliverdin is produced which is subsequently transformed to bilirubin by biliverdin reductase. Bilirubin is found in blood bound to plasma albumin, which transports it to the liver, where it is conjugated to hydrophilic acceptors (bilirubin glucuronides). Thus, circulating bilirubin is found in two forms; unconjugated and conjugated.


This test is useful in the diagnosis of liver disease; Prehepatic Jaundice: haemolytic anaemia and neonatal jaundice, Hepatic Jaundice: conjugation failure (Crigler-Najjar disease), bilirubin transport disturbances (Gilbert's disease and Dubin-Johnson disease), diffuse hepatocellular damage or necrosis (viral hepatitis, toxic hepatitis, and cirrhosis), intrahepatic obstruction and Posthepatic Jaundice: obstructive jaundice, gallbladder stone, neoplasm or spasms.

Sample Type, Quantity & Conditions

1 ml Serum 1 ml K2, K3-EDTA or Li-Heparin Plasma Stability: 1 Day at 15-25 °C 7 Days at 2-8 °C 6 Months at (-15)-(-25) °C

Special Precautions

Protect from Light. Assay immediately. Avoid lipemic and haemolysed samples.

Normal Range

Adults: Up to 1.2 mg/dL Up to 21 µmol/L Children (≥ 1 Month): Up to 1.0 mg/dL Up to 17 µmol/L

Open chat
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Can we help you?