Chloride, Serum


Used to evaluate electrolytes, acid-base balance, and water balance. Chloride generally increases and decreases with plasma or serum sodium.


Chloride levels are increased in dehydration, severe diarrhoea, intestinal fistula, respiratory alkalosis and primary hyperparathyroidism. Chloride levels are decreased in over-hydration, vomiting, diabetic ketosis, renal tubular damage, burns, metabolic alkalosis, Addison’s disease and respiratory acidosis.

Sample Type, Quantity & Conditions

1 ml Serum Stability: 7 Days at 2-8 °C 30 Days at (-15)-(-25) °C

Special Precautions

Normal Range

98 - 107 mEq/L 98 - 107 mmol/L

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